How do you teach a child to read? What strategies can you use to improve a child’s reading ability? In this post, you will read about some techniques on how to teach reading skills to young children. As part of my grad school’s requirement to perform a case study in a reading class, I observed a teacher and her student at Read Plus Ph.
I observed Ms. Din Clemente teach reading to a five-year-old boy. She used differentiated instruction. This means that her lesson was based on the results of the child’s assessment and not on a general reading curriculum. Also, she gave clear and explicit directions and instructions to the child. Most importantly, she knows her student’s strengths and weaknesses. As a result, she designs lesson plans according to the child’s needs. This makes her a very good reading teacher.
The Reading Lesson:
Before starting the reading lesson, the student worked on some tracing sheets. He traced his name three times. He also traced a few wavy and zigzag lines. According to Teacher Dindin, tracing helps the child to focus.
NOW, read PRE-WRITING ACTIVITIES FOR PRESCHOOLERS.
2. BEFORE READING THE STORY
The story for the day was “Open Very Carefully- A Book With A Bite”. Before reading, the teacher set a purpose for reading the story by asking questions:
“Why do you think the book is broken?”
(She shows the hole in the middle of the back cover of “Open Very Carefully A Book With Bite”)
“Let’s find out what happened to him.”
3. READING THE STORY
The teacher read the story out loud. The book she chose to read was developmentally appropriate for the child’s listening skills. She read the words clearly. She paused to ask questions and to check if the student understands the story.
4. AFTER READING: COMPREHENSION CHECK
After reading the story, the teacher told the student that they will be working on a worksheet together. She read questions out loud. These questions started with “who”, “what”, “why”, “when”, “where” and “how”. The child responded by saying his answer out loud. He also put his answer on the worksheet. The student understood the story because he could answer his teacher’s questions correctly.
“What was the story supposed to be about? Circle the picture that shows it.”
(She talks about what each picture is about.)
After talking about each choice, the student circled his answer.
She demonstrated a gradual release of responsibility because she started off with good modeling. Only then did she provide guided practice with scaffolding, followed by practice before the final assessment.
5. PHONICS INSTRUCTION
Before teaching the new phonics lesson, they reviewed their previous lesson about words with “short i”. The child worked with independent practice activities. This way, the student can remember old lessons and gain mastery over previously taught skills. She used teacher-made materials such as colorful flash cards, an indoor match-up game, and a fishing-game as part of the test.
Next, the teacher taught a phonics lesson about CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words ending with “-it”.
Finally, to end the lesson, they played some games that sum up the day’s lesson. The games were a form of assessment to see how much the child has mastered old and new skills.
Now, read about 5 Learning Activities For Toddlers.
What Is Quality Reading Instruction?
Reading instruction is very good when these are features are present (Dewitz, 2010):
- Your child reads books outside the basal or the required academic textbooks.
- Leveled books are used for modeling and guided practice.
- There are trade books (not academic textbooks) to provide independent practice.
- There is differentiated instruction (the lesson fits your child’s needs).The teacher gives clear and explicit instruction.
- The lesson matches the scope or sequence of skills to the needs of the student.
- Your child gets to listen to quality children’s literature for read-aloud stories.
- There is a development of prior knowledge before jumping into the lesson.
- The vocabulary to be learned is selected carefully.
- The teacher shows good modeling in reading.
- There is a strong guided reading lesson.
- There is a gradual release of responsibility.
- The teacher guides the student towards full comprehension of the story.
The Read Plus Ph Reading Program
The Read Plus Ph Reading Program is assessment-driven. The teachers conduct formal and informal reading assessments. Their reading programs are designed to fit the students’ assessment results.
According to the center’s director Prof. Daisy Jane Cunanan Calado, they assess phonological awareness using the Catch Them Early Phonological Awareness Inventory. They use TORC (Test of Reading Comprehension) to measure reading comprehension, fluency, and vocabulary. They use the BADER Reading and Language Inventory to identify the student’s strengths and weaknesses in reading. Assessments are done before, during, and after the program.
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Thank you T. Hannah for choosing to do your observation with us. 😁 Good luck with your case study! 😘 #Repost @mom_maganda (@get_repost) ・・・ Read Plus Ph offers reading, Filipino and Math Intervention. One child, one program. #beginningreading #readingintervention #coris @teacherdin #readplus #readplusph #readtolearn #learntoread #reading #readingisfun #learning #learningisfun #activities #lovetoread #loveforreading #buildingstrengths #winningoverweaknesses
How Should a Teacher Teach Your Child To Read?
First of all, the teacher should diagnose your child’s reading readiness even before he/she gives reading instruction. While giving instruction, the teacher should also give quick assessments to check if your child understands the lesson. At the end of the lesson, the child’s comprehension and understanding must be assessed. Once the child masters a reading level, it means that it is time to move on to a higher level of instruction.
It is always important to make reading instruction focused and deliberate. This means that the teacher should be prepared ahead with her lesson. Most of all, reading instruction should be individualized. This means that the reading lesson should cover what the student needs to learn.
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